phosphorylase [fäs′fə ri lās΄]
[ PHOSPHOR(O)- + -YL + -ASE]
any of a group of enzymes, widely distributed in plant and animal tissues, that help inorganic phosphates break down glycogen and other complex sugars

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • Phosphorylase — is a family of allosteric enzymes that catalyze the production of glucose 1 phosphate from a polyglucose such as glycogen, starch or maltodextrin.FunctionMore generally, phosphorylases are enzymes that catalyze the addition of a phosphate group… …   Wikipedia

  • phosphorylase — [ fɔsfɔrilaz ] n. f. • 1949; de phosphoryle et ase ♦ Biochim. Enzyme responsable de la dégradation du glycogène dans le muscle et dans le foie. phosphorylase [fɔsfɔʀilaz] n. f. ÉTYM. 1949, cit.; de phosphoryle, et suff. ase. ❖ …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Phosphorylase — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Als Phosphorylasen bezeichnet man eine Familie allosterischer Enzyme, welche die Produktion von Glukose 1 Phosphat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • phosphorylase — A phosphorylated enzyme cleaving poly(1,4 α d glucosyl)n with orthophosphate to form poly(1,4 α d glucosyl)n−1 and α d glucose 1 phosphate. SYN: α glucan p., glycogen p., P enzyme, p. a, polyphosphorylase. p. a SYN: p.. p. b dephosphorylated p. a …   Medical dictionary

  • Phosphorylase — Phos|pho|ry|la|se [↑ Phosphoryl u. ↑ ase], die; , n: Bez. für ein in Leber u. Muskeln vorkommendes, als Transferase wirkendes Enzym, das Glykogen unter Bildung von Glucose 1 phosphat abbaut (↑ Phosphorolyse). Die aktive Form der P. (Phosphorylase …   Universal-Lexikon

  • phosphorylase — (= glycogen phosphorylase) Enzyme that catalyses the sequential removal of glycosyl residues from glycogen to yield one glucose 1 phosphate per reaction. Its activity is controlled by phosphorylation (by phosphorylase kinase) …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • phosphorylase — n. any enzyme that catalyses the combination of an organic molecule (usually glucose) with a phosphate group (phosphorylation). Phosphorylase is found in the liver and kidney, where it is involved in the breakdown of glycogen to glucose 1… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Phosphorylase-Kinase — Masse/Länge Primärstruktur 10996 = 4*(1223+1092+386+148) Aminosäuren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phosphorylase kinase — is a serine/threonine specific protein kinase which converts glycogen phosphorylase b to glycogen phosphorylase a, activating it to release glucose 1 phosphate from glycogen.Genes* Alpha: PHKA1, PHKA2 * Beta: PHKB * Gamma: PHKG1,… …   Wikipedia

  • phosphorylase kinase — phosphorylase kinase. См. киназа фосфорилазы. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

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